频率出现七次的词汇
case
意 义 n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱
搭 配 a case in point 有关的事例,例证
a case in point 恰当的例子
in any case 无论如何,不管怎样
in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气)
sum up the case 概括事实
in case of 假如,如果发生;防备
in no case 无论如何不,决不
in this/that case 如果这样.那样的话
a case of measles 麻疹病例
appeal a case 申述
pack a case 装箱
in the case of 就…..来说,至于
as the case may be 看情况,根据具体情况
辨 析
case 事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可表典型的事例,也可用于表医学上的病例或法律上的案例.
instance 为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性
重难点 语法规则:in case意为"假使;免得,以防(万一)"。In case引导的从句可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形式为should+动词原形
真 题 I was advised to arrange for insurance _____I needed medical treatment. 答案
A)nevertheless B) although C)in case D)so that C
I left for the office earlier than usual this morning _________traffic jam. 答案
A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of C
We left the manager a note________ he wanted to know where we were. 答案
A)if B)in case C)so that D)unless B
The lawyer advised him to drop the _________,since he stands little chance to win. 答案
A)event B)incident C)case D)affair C



raise
意 义 vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、饲养、种植;提升,增加(工资)

搭 配 raise one's hand 举手
raise one's hat to sb. 向某人举帽致敬
raise doubts in people's minds 引起人们的怀疑
raise a child 养育孩子
raise farm/crops 饲养
raise funds 筹集资金
raise salaries 增加薪水
raise standards of service 提高服务水平


辨析 raise

lift raise
多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力
lift 指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置
rise
arise
arouse rise v.上升
arise v.发生
arouse v.激发起
真 题 Though______in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred
to record the plain facts of small-town life. 答案
A)raised B)grown C)developed D)cultivated A


频率出现六次的词汇
extend
意 义 vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予;
vi.伸展、延伸;(在范围或应用上)达到
构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展)
变 形 extension. n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机
extensive a. 广大的、广阔的;广泛的
intensive a.加强的,深入细致的
搭 配 extensive knowledge 广博的知识
to extend credit/visa 延长信贷限期/签证
extensive reading 泛读
extensive discussion 广泛的讨论

辨析 enlarge

expand enlarge v.扩大,放大
expand v.使膨胀,扩张
extend lengthen prolong extend 指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大势力、范围。
lengthen 指增加长度或延长时间。
prolong 指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。
真 题 It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____ knowledge. 答案
A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive A


intensive
意 义 a.加强的,集中的,深入细致的;集约(经营)的,精耕细作的
构 词 in(向里)+tend(伸展)
变 形 intensity
n.强烈,剧烈;强度
intensively adv.加强地,集中地,深入细致地
搭 配 intensive study 深入细致的研究
intensive reading 精读
intensive agriculture 集约农业
labour intensity 劳动强度
look at sb. with intensity 深情地看着某人
辨 析

intense
意为"非常的;强烈的",常用于形容某种性质或感情,表示很高或达到极端的程度。
intensive
含有intense的意思,但更强调"精细的;集中的"。An intense
attack 全线的攻击;an intensive attack 集中某一点攻击。
真 题 The patient's health failed to such an extent that he was put into____care. 答案
A)tense B)rigid C)intensive D)tight C
The relationship between employers and employees has been studied________ 答案
A)originally B)extremely C)violently D)intensively D

频率出现五次的词汇
available
意 义 a.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;可取得联系的,可得到的
构 词 a(to)+vail(value,价值)+able(后缀)----有利用价值的-----可利用的
搭 配 make sth. available to/for 使…可以享受某物;使….买得起某物
the only available room 唯一可用的房子;
辨 析 available a. 现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的
handy a. 手边的,就近的,便利的,敏捷的
at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来
真 题 Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are______in grocery stores. 答案
A)ready B)approachable C)probable D) available D
In general,the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total ____for living expense. 答案
A)acceptable B)available C)advisable D)applicable B


charge
意 义 n.控告,指控;主管,看管;费用,价钱;负荷,电荷,充电
vt.索价,要......支付;控告,指控;使承担(任务、责任等);使负荷,使充电
搭 配 in charge of 主管,看管
in(under)the charge of 在……的掌管下
charge sb.with 指控某人………
charge(sb.)…(money)for sth. 要价,要(某人)付….(钱)买某物
take charge 开始管理,接管
a positive/negative charge 正/负电荷
be on charge 正充电
at modest charges 以公道的价格
charge a battery 给电池充电
辨 析

accuse accuse 指的是严重程度不等的犯罪或冒犯行为,accuse与介词of连用,
charge charge所指的是正式控告或指责具有违法性质的行为,charge与介词with搭配.
真 题 She was complaining that the doctor was ________too much for the treatment he was giving her. 答案
A)expending B)offering C)costing D)charging D
This hotel ____$60 for a single room with bath. 答案
A)charges B)demands C)prices D)claims A






effect
意 义 n.结果、效果; v.实现、使生效
变 形 effective
有效的,生效的,起作用的;给人印象深刻的;实际的,事实上的
effectively 有效地、起作用地
搭 配 bring/carry/put into effect 实行、实现
take effective measures 采取有效措施
effective range 有效射程;
effective ways of reducing pollution 降低污染的有效方法;
take effect 生效、起作用
to the effect that 大意是
effective 有效的、起作用的
in effect 实际上、实质上
come/go into effect 生效
to no effect 无效;毫无结果

辨析 effect
consequence effect 指明显的原因所产生的后果。
consequence 可指没有明确原因的后果或效果。
effective valid
effective 表示能产生实际的效果。
valid 指仍为权威部门认可,可以继续使用,是法律用语。
真 题 They took _______ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. 答案
A) fruitful B) beneficial C) valid D) effective D
Though the long-term___ can not be predicted, the project has been approved by the committee. 答案
A)affect B)effect C)result D)consequence B
The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next semester. 答案
A)takes effect B)takes part C)takes place D)takes turn A


transmit
意 义 vt.播送、发射;传送、传染
构 词 trans(从…到….)+mit(发送)
变 形 transmission 播送、发射 ;传送、传染
搭 配 transmit knowledge from one generation to another 把知识由一代传给另一代
transmission of news 消息的传播;
transmit news by radio 由无线电发送消息
真 题 American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public through televised _________ from the United States. 答案
A)transfer B) deliveries C) transportation D) transmissions D
Some diseases are ___ by certain water animals. 答案
A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D)transmitted D
Communication is the process of_______a message from a source to an audience via a channel. 答案
A)transmitting B)submitting C)transforming D)switching A
Cultural________indicates that human beings hand theirs languages down from one generation to another. 答案
A)translation B )transition C)transmission D)transaction C


relate
意 义 vi.有关联;适应,和睦相处;vt.使互相关联;讲述,叙述
变 形 relative 相关的,有关的;相对的,比较的;亲属
all human values are relative,so beauty is relative to the beholder's eyes.
relatively 相关地,有关地;相对地,比较地
relation 亲属
搭 配 relate to/with 有关联
relative to 有关,涉及
in/with relation to 有关,涉及
close/near relation 近亲
distant relation 远亲
真 题 It is difficult to______cause and effect in this case. 答案
A)unite B)think C)relate D)describe C



短语词汇频率(10次以上)
出现23次的短语词汇


take
搭 配 take after 与…相象
take apart 拆开(机器等)
take…as 把…理解为
take away 拿走,夺去,使离去;减去
take down 取下;记下;拆卸
take for 认为,以为;误认为
take on 接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;开始雇佣
take into account 把…考虑进去
take issue with sb. 与某人争论
take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞
take oneself off 走开,离去
take up 拿起;着手处理;占去
take sb. to task 责备某人,申斥某人
take to 开始;对…产生好感;形成的习惯
take up 占去,占据;开始从事
take over 占据;接任(职位)
take out
拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理;(on)对….发泄
take out loans 借贷
take aback 使吃惊,使困惑
take back 收回(说错的话);使回忆起
take in 接受,接纳,吸收;包括;领会,理解;欺骗
take effect 生效
take turns 轮流
take up with 与….成为朋友
take out on 对….发泄
真 题 The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next semester. 答案
A) takes effect B) takes part C) takes place D) takes turns A
Frequently single-parent children ___some of the functions that the absent adult in the house would have served. 答案
A) take off B) take after C) take in D) take on D
Our son doesn't know what to _____at the university; he can't make up his mind about his future. 答案
A) take in B)take over C) take up D) take after B
I'd ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan. 答案
A) take into account B) account for
C) make up for D) make out A


出现18次的短语词汇

turn
搭 配 turn away 走开;把脸转过去
turn one's back on 不理睬
turn out 生产;驱逐;翻转
turn on 开,旋开(电灯等)
turn off 关(水源等);拐弯
turn into 进入;使变成,使成为
turn in 转身进入;拐入;交出;上床睡觉
turn down 关小,调低;拒绝
turn sb's blood cold 使毛骨悚然
turn against 对…采取敌对态度
by turns 轮流,交替
take turns 依次,轮流
on the turn 正在转变中
turn back (使)折回;(使)往回走
turn around/round 转变,(使)转好
in turn 依次,轮流;转而,反过来
turn up 出现;找到;证明是
turn to 变成;求助于;着手;查阅
turn over (机器等)运转;翻过来;仔细考虑
真 题 Let's not wait any longer, he might not ___at all. 答案
A)turn over B)turn up C)turn on D)turn down B
The French pianist who had been praised very highly ____to be a great disappointment . 答案
A)turned up B)turned in C)turned out D)turned down C
This popular sports car is now being ____at the rate of a thousand a week. 答案
A)turned down B)turned out C)turned up D)turned on B
Faced with all the difficulties, the girl _____her mother for comfort. 答案
A)turned over B)turned form C)turned to D)turned up C
Under the present system, state enterprises must____ all profits to the government 答案
A) turn down B)turn up C)turn out D)turn in D
Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body's need for it from natural sources without turning____ the salt bottle. 答案
A)to B)over C)on D)up A


出现15次的短语词汇


put
搭 配 put across/over 解释清楚;做成(交易)
put up with 忍受,容忍(讨厌的人)
put up 举起;安装;张贴;建造,搭起,支起;为….提供住宿;进行(抵抗);提高(价格);提名
put to (船只顺避风等而)靠岸
put through 使穿过;使从事;接通(电话),为…接通电话
put out 熄灭;关(灯);出版;伸出;生产
put on 穿上;上演;教唆;增加(体重)
put off 推迟,拖延;阻碍
put in 花费;正式提出
put aside 储存,保留;把…放在一边,暂不考虑
put forward 提出(要求、事实等)
put down 记下;镇压;杀死
put away 把…收起;储存,积攒
put sb. out of job 使某人失业
put one's feeling into words 用语言表达感情
真 题 In Disneyland, every year, some 800,000plants are replaced because Disney refused to ____ signs asking his "guest" not to step on them. 答案
A) put down B) put out C) put up D) put off C
When they had finishing playing, the children were made to___all the toys they
had taken out. 答案
A)put off B)put out C)put up D)put away D
go
搭 配 go back on 违背(诺言等); 毁(约)
go for 竭力想取得,喜爱,适用于
go in for 从事,致力,爱好;追求
go into 研究,调查,进入
go on 继续,发生;接近
go through 经历,详细检查;完成
go with 伴随,与…..协调;与…持同一看法
go without 没有…… 也行
on the go 很忙
to go 剩下的,未完成的
go against 反对;对….不利
go after 追求/赶; 设法得到
go about 着手做,处理,忙于
go up 上升,增加,建起;(物价等)上涨
go under 下沉,沉没;失败;破产
go round/around 足够分配; (消息)流传
go over 检查,审查;复习,重温
go out 外出;熄灭;走出(房间等);罢工;公布,播出
go out of one's way 特别费心(做事)
go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开;去世;
go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走
go down 下降,降低;被载入,传下去; (船等)下沉
go by 过去
go ahead 开始,前进;领先; 取得进展
go at 攻击;着手/努力做
go along 进行,进展;(with)赞同
go into action 开始行动
go together 相配;恋爱
go by 走过,放过;依照
go abroad 出国
go out of one's mind 变得神志不清
真 题 The early pioneers had to _____ many hardships to settle on the new land. 答案
A) go along with B) go back on C) go through D) go into C
The terrorists might have planted a bomb on a plane in Athens, set to ___ when it arrived in New York. 答案
A) get off B) carry off C) go off D) come off things. C
There are other problems which I don't propose to ______at the moment. 答案
A) go into B) go around C) go for D) go up A
David likes country life and has decided to ____ farming . 答案
A)go in for B) go back on C)go through with D) go along with A





出现11次的短语词汇

call
搭 配 call after 追在…的后面叫喊
call forth 唤起,引起;鼓起(勇气,精神)
call for 要求,需要,提倡
call back 叫回来,收回(错话等)
call up 征召(服役),动员
call on/upon 访问;号召;呼吁
call off 叫走,叫开;取消
call in 收回(某物)
真 题 That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but the police. 答案
A) called in B) calling in C) call in D) to call in D
The sports meet, originally due to be held last Friday ,was finally because of the bad weather. 答案
A)set off B)worn off C) broken off D) called off D
A well-written composition ____ good choice of words and clear organization . 答案
A) calls on B) calls for C)calls up D) calls off B
The article________more attention to the problem of cultural interference in foreign language teaching and learning. 答案
A)calls for B)applies for C)cares for D)allows for A




make
搭 配 made up of 由…组成,由…构成
make it 办成,做到,成功;赶上,及时达到
make believe 假装,假扮
make of 理解,推断
make up to 接近;巴结;向…求爱
make up for 补偿,弥补
make up 拼凑;组成;补偿;捏造,临时编造,虚高;化装;和解
make as if 假装;装作
make over 把(财产)转让;改造
make away (急忙)离去;逃走
make away with 携…而逃;摧毁;浪费
make off with 携…而逃
make for 走向,向…前进;冲向
make down 改小(衣服)
make beds 铺床叠被
make out of 用…制造出;理解
make out 开列;书写;辩认出
make fun of 嘲笑;开…玩笑
home/foreign make 本国/外国制造
make one's way 前进;成功,发迹
真 题 In Britain today women ____44% of the work force ,and nearly half the mothers with children are in paid work.. 答案
A) build up B) stand for C) make up D) conform to C
When he realized the police had spotted him, the man ____ the exit as quickly as possible. 答案
A) made off B) made for C) made out D) made up B




出现10次的短语词汇
set
搭配 set against 使敌视,使抵消
set oneself up as 以…自居
set up 开办;建立;设立;开始经商
set out 动身;开始;装饰;摆放;阐明
set oneself against 坚决反对
set off 动身,出发;使爆炸
set forth 动身起程;阐明
set down 记下;登记;放下
set back (把钟等)往回拨;推迟;使花费
set aside 挑出;不顾;取消;不理会
set apart 使分离;使显得突出;留出,拨出(时间、金钱等)
set about 开始;散布(谣言等)
a dinner set 一套餐具
set in 开始
set on 袭击,唆使
真 题 Having decided to rent a flat, we ____contacting all the accommodation agencies in the city . 答案
A) set about B) set down C) set out D) set up A


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